Last night Fed decided to reduce its QE pace by USD 15bn in November and further 15bn in December. Slightly dovish Fed still ensures markets that inflation should be largely transitory while it will be patient with rate hikes.
Yesterday’s decision to begin decreasing its QE pace was signaled in July 2021 while confirmed in September’s meeting so Fed’s confirmation was widely expected. Namely, most of the analysts rightly expected Fed to announce decrease by USD 15bn from November meaning that they will buy USD 70bn of USTs and USD 35bn of agency mortgage-backed securities in November. Furthermore, Fed stated that they will decrease purchases by 15bn in December as well while saying that “similar reductions in the pace of net asset purchases will likely be appropriate each month”, meaning that corona related QE should end in June 2022. However, this still leaves room for Fed to change its tapering schedule in case economic outlook changes in each way. Regarding inflation expectations, statement was little changed as Fed said that “inflation is elevated, largely reflecting factors that are expected to be transitory”. This part of the statement was seen as slightly dovish by the market as Fed still insists on its transitory story. To confirm victory of dovish camp, Mr Jerome Powell in his Q&A session said that Fed can be patient with increasing rates, resulting in steepening of the yield curve. Nevertheless, looking at the Eurodollar futures market still expects one full hike in June which means that Fed would end its QE program and immediately start increasing short term rates. This scenario looks a bit stretched considering their latest statement so inflation should increase further and stay elevated for longer for market expectations to be fulfilled.
Looking at the markets one could say that there are some market participants that did not expect yesterday’s scenario although move was signaled few months ago. Both 5Y and 10y went up by 5bps while 30Y was up by almost 10bps. On the other side, 2Y yield fell by 5bps to 0.45%. So, it is not so easy to explain yesterday’s move on rates considering expectations. One explanation could be that long term rates went up because Fed was dovish once again meaning that they are falling even more behind the curve with market pricing policy error. But in that case short term rates would also have to rise faster but the opposite happened as Mr Powell stated they can be patient on hiking. Most likely there are a lot of information to process and a lot of possible scenarios while inflation is still a wild card with market being largely polarized. Recent intraday moves on rates confirm this. So, what to expect further?
As many analysts were talking about taper tantrum this year and comparing current situation with the one 8 years ago, it is worth our while to look what happened back then. Namely, in May 2013 investors started to worry weather Fed will start to taper its USD 85bn a month purchase program after the Wall Street Journal article suggested that Fed plans to close its QE. The confirmation came few weeks later when Fed’s minutes showed that some of the FOMC members pushed for the end of QE. The term taper tantrum was coined in the media after yields increased rapidly, with UST 10Y rising from 1.60% in the beginning of May to 3.0% in August. However, real tapering started only in December 2013 (meaning that yields peaked before taper started), when Fed decided to reduce the pace of its asset purchases to USD 75bn rather than 85bn a month and the program was fully ended in October 2014. Back then (May 2013), US was slowly recovering from the GFC, GDP grew by around 2.0%, unemployment rate stood at 7.5% while PCE measured inflation stood at 1.0%. Looking at these numbers, it is logical to ask whether Fed is largely behind the curve today, or we are so used on low interest rate environment that history is only that, history.
Source: Bloomberg, InterCapital